By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program
Antarctic and Southern Ocean medical examine has produced a big selection of vital and intriguing medical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic setting presents certain possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. examine at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for figuring out the way forward for the zone but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different elements of the globe.
The U.S. nationwide technology starting place (NSF) offers U.S. researchers with extensive entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic study and observations for the subsequent decade. This survey offers a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling learn and the infrastructure most important for assisting this examine. This file makes techniques for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven learn projects that handle questions poised for major improve with the subsequent many years. This record additionally outlines a roadmap wherein the imaginative and prescient and those priorities might be met.
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Additional info for A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research
The Australian Integrated Marine Observing System’s surface mooring south of Tasmania; the Japanese Science and Technology Agency surface mooring near the Antarctic coast). They also provide important contributions to the Global Climate Observing System, the Global Ocean Observing System, and other international efforts to develop a global array of sustained ocean observing sites. The specific mode of international cooperation supported by NSF varies widely—from informal collaboration between individual scientists, to formal proposal calls that specifically outline the need for international partnerships.
A variety of cross-divisional research support opportunities do exist, but there are some contexts in which bureaucratic divisions within NSF can act as a barrier to advancing 36 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Opportunities and Challenges of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research critical integrative research and observations. Some key opportunities to overcome these barriers are discussed in Chapter 4.
The natural climate variations that caused these ice shelf retreat and advance events provide useful “sensitivity experiments” on climate change and ice sheet response. For instance, it is known that when major ice shelf retreat events occurred, Southern Ocean temperatures were no more than 3-4°C warmer than at present, and atmospheric CO2 levels were less than those of today. This suggests that (after equilibrium response is achieved) we may already be committed to climate conditions that cannot support a fully extended Ross Ice Shelf, and thus may have surpassed a stability threshold for continental ice in West Antarctica.
A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program