By Bryan Kolb, Ian Q. Whishaw
Authored by means of well known researchers and veteran academics, An advent to mind and behaviour is helping scholars attach nervous-system task to human behaviour. Drawing at the most modern examine and revealing case stories, this 4th variation contains a new subject of epigenetics, elevated pedagogy, and up-to-date assurance all through.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Brain and Behavior (4th Edition)
Neurons and muscles. Brain cells and muscles first evolved in animals, allowing the animals to move. 2. Nerve net. The nervous system representative of evolutionarily older phyla, such as jellyfishes and sea anemones, is extremely simple. It consists of a diffuse nerve net, which has no structure that resembles a brain or spinal cord but consists entirely of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles. Look again at the human nervous system illustrated in Figure 1-2.
Hebb describes the scientific acceptance of materialism in a folksy manner: Modern psychology takes completely for granted that behavior and neural function are perfectly correlated, that one is completely caused by the other. There is no separate soul or life force to stick a finger into the brain now and then and make neural cells do what they would not otherwise. (Hebb, 1949, p. iii) A contemporary philosophical school called eliminative materialism takes the position that if behavior can be described adequately without recourse to the mind, then the mental explanation should be eliminated.
Behavior is action, momentarily observable, but fleeting. Brain and behavior differ greatly but are linked. They have evolved together: one is responsible for the other, which is responsible for the other, which is responsible for the other, and so on and on. There are three reasons for linking the study of brain to the study of behavior: 1. How the brain produces behavior is a major unanswered scientific question. Scientists and students study the brain for the purpose of understanding humanity.
An Introduction to Brain and Behavior (4th Edition) by Bryan Kolb, Ian Q. Whishaw