By Leendert P. Mos, Hans van Rappard, Pieter J. van Strien, William J. Baker

ISBN-10: 1461529824

ISBN-13: 9781461529828

Editor Affiliations

1. division of Psychonomics, loose University
2. division of Psychology, collage of Groningen
3. heart for complicated examine in Theoretical Psychology, collage of Alberta
4. division of Psychology, Concordia Lutheran university

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Extra resources for Annals of Theoretical Psychology, Volume 8

Example text

Secondly, the construction of psychological objects is an intentional activity. People are instigated by certain purposes when engaging in this activity or changing it. Of course, the purposes which psychological objects serve need not only be the purposes of those who have produced them. But in any case, these objects have certain uses, and the uses they have depend on historical circumstances. It is only to be expected that different circumstances will favor different objects. To understand why the historical development of psychology has favored certain objects over others, some appreciation of the uses of psychological objects is indispensable.

It seems that psychological objects are often constructed by analogy with other objects. This analogy may be quite explicit, as in the various mechanical analogies familiar to historians of psychology; or, more pervasively, the analogy may be implicit, as when the mind is conceived in terms of a population of separate ideas, sensations, or other units which relate to each other much like the independent citizens of a liberal state. In general, principles of psychological organization often seem to have had metaphorical links with principles of social organization, the structure of the one domain functioning as an apparent confIrmation of the structure of the other.

A first answer can be supplied by referring to the process of professional socialization that members of the discipline are put through before they receive 28 Kurt Danziger their certification. But that answer only pushes the problem one step back. It tells us nothing about the nature of the cognitive framework in terms of which the discipline organizes the experience of its members, and it tells us nothing about how and why the discipline came to adopt this particular framework and not one of the many conceivable alternatives.

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Annals of Theoretical Psychology, Volume 8 by Leendert P. Mos, Hans van Rappard, Pieter J. van Strien, William J. Baker

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